DAN's Smart Guide to Travel
Know Before You Go:
How to Plan Your Dive Trip
Dive Travel Packing Checklist
Travel Preparation Timeline
Tips for Health and Safety
Gear Care Guidelines
DAN's Smart Guide to Travel
Whether you're taking a 23-hour flight to Malaysia or a 23-minute drive to the shore, all diving involves some form of travel. For this reason, DAN recognizes travel safety as a key aspect of our mission. This Smart Guide is a quick and easy reference tool to help you prepare for your dive travel to local and international destinations.
Basic Packing Checklist
The following checklist is not comprehensive. It is intended to provide a foundation to make it easier for you to customize according to the specific details of your trip. Copy, scan, or retype and customize this list, adding in any specialized equipment you need, as well as your clothing, toiletries, and other personal items necessary for your trip.
One of the benefits of domestic travel is that it can be more spontaneous and cost efficient than international travel. Knowing how to get and stay prepared for even a short ride to the nearest coast, lake, or quarry can help make your local trips easier, safer and more enjoyable.
Create a packing checklist based on your typical dives.
Maintain your gear so you can grab it and go.
Assemble a first-aid kit and a save-a-dive kit.
Keep your relevant certifications up to date.
Before You Hit the Road:
Research the weather, currents, and water temperatures at your destination.
Customize your packing checklist for this specific trip.
Check — and if necessary replenish — your first-aid kit.
Tell someone where you are going.
Remember to bring plenty of water and healthy snacks.
2 Months Before Travel:
Be sure your passport is valid at least six months following your last intended date of travel.
Determine whether you need a tourist visa.
Find out whether you need any vaccinations.
Complete RSTC medical form and have copy of physician sign off if needed.
Decide whether you want to apply for Global Entry.
1 Month Before Travel:
Check your destination country's laws about your prescription medications.
Acquire local currency and talk to your bank about international ATM arrangements.
Find out if there are foreign transaction fees associated with your credit cards.
Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP), which connects you with the nearest U.S. Embassy or Consulate.
2 Weeks Before Travel:
Customize your packing checklist.
Set up a global calling plan.
Inform your credit card companies of your intention to travel abroad.
Make sure you have purchased or renewed your travel insurance.
1 Week Before Travel:
Make two copies each of your passport (color copies are preferred), driver's license, credit cards, itinerary, lodging confirmation and visa (if you need one). Leave one set of copies with someone at home, and pack the second set someplace separate from the original documents.
Contact your post office to request that they hold your mail while you're away.
Pack everything you won't need before your trip.
24 Hours Before Travel:
Check in to your flight, and make sure you have a seat assignment.
Run back through your packing list again, and make a copy to help you pack for the return trip (so you won't forget your toiletries, chargers, medications, etc.).
Notify someone of your travel plans.
Air Travel with Gear
Looking forward to invigorating days of diving is sometimes the only way to get through the headache of traveling with dive gear, which can be clumsy, cumbersome, and difficult to explain to airport security. Use the following guidelines to streamline the process.
CHECK BEFORE YOU CHECK
If you're planning to bring your gear with you, think about what you have to check and what you should bring in your carry-on to make sure you can dive immediately even if your bags don't make it. Remember also to research your airline and destination country's baggage allowances.
*When traveling with cylinders, make sure to remove the valves.
If you choose to forgo the hassle of traveling with your gear, find a dive operator that offers gear rentals. The quality of rental gear varies, so make sure you thoroughly research the dive shops at your destination. If you do choose to rent gear at your destination, you'll still want to bring a few items.
DIVE SITE REGULATIONS
Depending where you dive, rules differ. The site can regulate everything from what gear you can use to what hours you can dive. Before you go, ask these questions:
Does my training match dive site requirements?
Not all dive sites allow open water recreational divers. In fact, some dive sites — such as cavern and cave diving sites — require a high level of training. Make sure you either check online or call the local dive operator to determine certification and training requirements.
What equipment is allowed?
Some sites require you to bring special equipment such as surface marker buoys or spare air. Other locations prohibit use of certain items such as diving gloves or spearguns to protect the marine environment. Learn what is necessary and what is restricted before you pack.
What are the site's access requirements?
Protected dive sites or sites located next to private property may require you to purchase a ticket or tag to dive. You may also find out that entry is limited to specific locations. Don't show up to a site only to be turned away. Do your research.
Good diving etiquette dictates that divers should follow the rules set in place no matter where in the world they travel. Remember that diving regulations are in place to protect your safety, the safety of the marine environment, and the local customs and laws of your travel destination.
Most divers are accustomed to thinking about maintaining fitness to dive, avoiding the bends and minimizing the risks of marine life injuries. But all divers are also travelers and should be aware of travel-related medical conditions.
What is it? Depletion of water and other bodily fluids. Can impair body's ability to carry out normal functions.
Why does it affect travelers? Whether traveling by car, bus, train, air, or boat, you may lack convenient access to drinking water. Air travel is particularly dehydrating because the air on planes
is very dry.
What to do: Prevent dehydration by bringing one or two bottles of water in your carry-on. While traveling, check your urine. If it is dark, drink some fluids right away. If you notice extreme thirst, lack of urination, withered skin, dizziness, or confusion, refrain from diving and seek immediate medical care.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT):
What is it? When blood clots form in the body's deep veins, usually in the legs. Can lead to life-threatening conditions such as pulmonary embolism or stroke.
Why does it affect travelers? Long periods of inactivity inhibit normal blood circulation.
What to do: Whether you're driving or flying, make sure to get up and stretch your legs from time to time. If you know you are at increased risk for DVT, wear compression socks and consult with your doctor about taking clot-preventatives. See DAN's online Health & Diving library for more information.
What is it? When food incubates bacteria, transmits disease from person to person or animal to human, or carries other toxins (as with poisonous fish). Can be fatal or cause life-threatening symptoms in extreme cases.
Why does it affect travelers? According to the CDC, travelers' diarrhea is the most common
illness affecting travelers and may occur in up to 50 percent of international travelers. It often
results from consuming improperly handled food or untreated water.
What to do: Avoid raw or undercooked meat and seafood as well as raw fruits and vegetables, untreated water and ice cubes, and any food you suspect may have been prepared in unhygienic conditions.
What are they? Illnesses transmitted by mosquitoes, ticks, fleas, and other insects. These diseases include chikungunya, dengue fever, malaria, and others.
Why do they affect travelers? They don't affect travelers per se, but rather are endemic to certain areas of the world.
What to do: Find out whether your travel destination carries a risk for vector-borne disease and take appropriate precautions, which may include vaccination, insect repellant, or avoiding certain behaviors or environments.
Research any endemic diseases or special conditions to which you may be exposed, especially if you plan to travel internationally. These can range from malaria to heat stroke. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC.gov) is a great resource for comprehensive information on current alerts and common diseases in your destination.
Flying after Diving
Flying to a destination near sea level before diving poses virtually no risk. Flying after diving, however, increases decompression stress, since the pressure in an aircraft cabin is lower than ground-level atmospheric pressure. DAN recommends you follow these guidelines when traveling:
|Dive Profile||Minimum Preflight Surface Interval Suggestion|
|Single no-decompression dive||12 hours or more|
|Multiple dives in a day||18 hours or more|
|Multiple days of diving||18 hours or more|
|Dives requiring decompression stops||Longer than 18 hours|
Please remember that any postdive ascent to a higher altitude – even using ground transportation – increases your decompression stress.
Bring DAN With You
DAN is here for you 24 hours a day, every day, anywhere in the world. If you need non-emergency medical information or assistance, visit DAN.org or call the medical information line at +1 (919) 684-2948 during normal business hours. In the event of an emergency, here's what you should know before you call:
1. Contact local emergency medical services (EMS) immediately. After EMS is activated, call DAN for additional assistance.
2 The emergency number on the back of your DAN card (+1-919-684-9111) accepts direct and collect calls, but countries vary in how to make collect calls. To make a collect call from within
the United States, replace the country code with a 0. When traveling outside of the United States, research that country's collect calling protocol and EMS numbers prior to departure.
3. When you call, you'll need to provide the following information:
The name of the injured person
A call-back number
A description of the emergency
Names of prescription medications you are currently taking
Any pre-existing health issues or concerns
4. The DAN Emergency Hotline also serves as your resource for activating DAN's TravelAssist benefits, including medical evacuation.
WHO TO CALL
STEP 1. Call 911 or local EMS if abroad
STEP 2. Call DAN's Emergency Hotline (+1-919-684-9111)
STEP 1. Call DAN's Non-Emergency Medical Information Line (+1-919-684-2948)
Whether you're traveling domestically or internationally, research the availability and location of emergency medical services at your destination. Adjust your dive plan accordingly and have a realistic emergency action plan.
GEAR CARE GUIDELINES
As divers, we're all familiar with the demands of traveling with dive gear. Luckily, routine maintenance and careful storage of gear can not only make your diving safer, but it can make your trip planning easier. The following guidelines will help you make sure your gear is ready to go when you are: